Abundant rainfall at the start of the viticultural year contributed to the replenishment of soil water reserves, which proved crucial due to the very dry winter, spring and summer that followed. Fortunately at Vesuvio, rain came to the rescue in May, falling evenly and allowing the soil to gradually absorb the precious water. This rain was of enormous benefit and helped to sustain the vines during the very hot, dry months of June and July. August was relatively cool and the lower than average nocturnal temperatures proved decisive in preserving the natural acidity in the berries. When the vintage began the crop was in very fine condition: small healthy bunches and berries augured well for structured and concentrated wines. Two days of rain in mid September secured the final ripening of the Touriga Nacional and Touriga Franca varieties, both of which were exceptional.